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Tree Surgery

 

listed below are our main services, however, if you have a more specific or unique problem not listed then don’t hesitate to contact us for free advice.

Main pruning definitions:

    • Crown clean: Removal of dead and diseased wood, ivy, broken, crossing and epicormic branches. Nails, wires and tree houses, you name it! we’ll even come and rescue your cat.
    • Crown Thin: Removal of excess/irregular branches though out the whole crown, whilst retaining the true species shape. Allows more light and reduced leaf weight, minimising sail effect.
    • Crown Reduction: Reducing the crown in height or spread while assuring the trees natural shape.
    • Crown Lift: Removal of lower branches to a specified height. Allows clearance over gardens, driveways, footpaths, roads, etc.
 
  • Crown Renewal or Restoration: Rebuilding of the crown on mutilated or storm damaged trees.
  • Pollarding and Coppicing: Pruning which is carried out periodically to stimulate growth. Allows controlled growth to a certain size, repeated over time.
  • Felling: Complete removal of unwanted, dead or diseased trees.
  • Planting and Re-planting: Choose some nice trees, we’ll plant them for you so you can watch them thrive for years!
  • Hedges: Layed, trimmed, reduced and removed We insure to plant a replacement tree for every tree which is felled.
 

Need help? Contact us for free advice if you cannot find your problem in this list

Listed below are some helpful definitions of key tree surgery terms:

Crown Thinning

Crown Lifting

Crown Reduction

Crown ThinningCrown thinning is the removal of a portion of smaller branches, usually at the outer crown, to produce a uniform density of foliage around an evenly spaced branch structure. It is usually confined to broad-leaved species. Crown thinning does not alter the overall size or shape of the tree. Material should be removed systematically throughout the tree, should not exceed the stated percentage and not more than 30% overall. Common reasons for crown thinning are to allow more light to pass through the tree, reduce wind resistance, reduce weight (but this does not necessarily reduce leverage on the structure) and is rarely a once only operation particularly on species that are known to produce large amounts of epicormic growth.

Crown LiftingCrown Lifting (or Crown Raising) is the removal of the lowest branches and/or preparing of lower branches for future removal. Good practice dictates crown lifting should not normally include the removal of large branches growing directly from the trunk as this can cause large wounds which can become extensively decayed leading to further long term problems or more short term biomechanical instability. Crown lifting on older, mature trees should be avoided or restricted to secondary branches or shortening of primary branches rather than the whole removal wherever possible. Crown lifting is an effective method of increasing light transmission to areas closer to the tree or to enable access under the crown but should be restricted to less than 15% of the live crown height and leave the crown at least two thirds of the total height of the tree. Crown lifting should be specified with reference to a fixed point, e.g. ‘crown lift to give 5.5m clearance above ground level’.

Crown ReductionThe reduction in height and/or spread of the crown (the foliage bearing portions) of a trees. Crown reduction may be used to activate mechanical stress on individual branches or the whole tree, make the tree more suited to its immediate environment or to reduce the effects of shading and light loss, etc. The final result should retain the main framework of the crown, and so a significant proportion of the leaf bearing structure, and leave a similar, although smaller outline, and not necessarily achieve symmetry for its own sake. Crown reduction cuts should be as small as possible and in general not exceed 100mm diameter unless there is an over-riding need to do so. Reductions should be specified by actual measurements, where possible, and reflect the finished result, but may also refer to lengths of parts to be removed to aid clarity, e.g. ‘crown reduce in height by 2.0m and lateral spread by 1.0m, all round, to finished crown dimensions of 18m in height by 11m in spread (all measurements approximate.)’. Not all species are suitable for this treatment and crown reduction should not be confused with ‘topping’, an indiscriminate and harmful treatment.